Friday, March 7, 2014

75 studies that show no link between vaccines and autism UPDATED to 107

Edited to fix links and to add more studies for a new total of 107 on 11 March 2014

Guest blog, compiled by Allison Hagood, Luci Baldwin, Kathy McGrath and Nathan Boonstra and originally published on the "Your Baby's Best Shot" Facebook page. I am grateful for the permission to repost!

If anyone still tries to pull the "vaccines cause autism" card on you, provide them with a link to this note!

Albizzati, A., Moré, L., Di Candia, D., Saccani, M., Lenti, C.  Normal concentrations of heavy metals in autistic spectrum disorders.  Minerva Pediatrica.  2012. Feb;64(1):27-31 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22350041

Afzal, MA., Ozoemena, LC., O’Hare, A., Kidger, KA., Bentley, ML., Minor, PD. Absence of detectable measles virus genome sequence in blood of autistic children who have had their MMR vaccination during the routine childhood immunization schedule of UK.   Journal Medical Virology.  2006 May;78(5):623-30.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16555271

Ahearn WH. What Every Behavior Analyst Should Know About the "MMR Causes Autism" HypothesisArchive of Behavior Analysis in Practice.  2010.   Spring;3(1):46-50. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22479671

Allan, GM., Ivers, N.  The autism-vaccine story: fiction and deception?  Canadian Family Physician.  Oct 2010; 56(10): 1013. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2954080/

Andrews, N., Miller, E., Grant, A., Stowe, J., Osborn, V., & Taylor, B. (2004).  Thimerosal exposure in infants and developmental disorders: a retrospective cohort study in the United Kingdom does not support a causal association.  Pediatrics, 114, 584-591. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15342825 

Andrews, N., Miller, E., Taylor, B., Lingam, R., Simmons, A., Stowe, J., Waight, P.  Recall bias, MMR and autism.  Archives of Disease in Childhood.  Dec 2002; 87(6): 493–494.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1755823/pdf/v087p00493.pdf

Baird, G., Pickles, A., Simonoff, E., Charman, T., Sullivan, P., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., Meldrum, D., Afzal, M., Thomas, B., Jin, L., Brown, D.  Measles vaccination and antibody response in autism spectrum disorders.  Archives of Disease in Childhood.  2008 Oct;93(10):832-7. doi: 10.1136/adc.2007.122937. Epub 2008 Feb 5.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18252754

Berger, BE., Navar-Boggan, AM., Omer, SB.  Congenital rubella syndrome and autism spectrum disorder prevented by rubella vaccination--United States, 2001-2010.   BMC Public Health.  2011 May 19;11:340. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-340. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21592401

Black, C., Kaye, JA.  Relation of childhood gastrointestinal disorders to autism:  nested case-control study using data from the UK General Practice Research Database.  British Medical Journal.  2002; 325(7361):419-21.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.325.7361.419

Bower, H.  New research demolishes link between MMR vaccine and autism.  British Medical Journal.  1999.  Jun 19;318(7199):1643. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1116011/

Chen, W., Landau, S., Sham, P., & Fombonne, E. (2004).  No evidence for links between autism, MMR and measles virus.  Psychological Medicine, 34(3), 543-553. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15259839

Christie, B.  Scottish expert group finds no link between MMR and autism.  British Medical Journal,  2002. May 11;324(7346):1118. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1172158/

Clements, CJ., McIntyre, PB.  When science is not enough – a risk/benefit profile of thiomersal-containing vaccines.   Expert Drug Opinion Safety.  2006. Jan;5(1):17-29. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16370953    

Dales, L., Hammer, S. J., & Smith, N. J. (2001). Time trends in autism and in MMR immunization coverage in California.   JAMA, 285(9), 1183-1185. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11231748

De Los Reyes, EC.  Autism and immunizations: separating fact from fiction.  JAMA Neurology.   2010;67(4):490-492. doi:10.1001/archneurol.2010.57. http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=799645

DeWilde, S., Carey, IM., Richards, N., Hilton, SR., Cook, DG.  Do children who become autistic consult more often after MMR vaccination?  British Journal of General Practice.  2001 Mar;51(464):226-7.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1313956/

Demicheli, V., Jefferson, T., Rivetti, A., & Price, D. (2005).  Vaccines for measles, mumps and rubella in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 4. (a review of 31 studies) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22336803

DeStefano, F.  MMR vaccine and autism: a review of the evidence for a causal association.   Molecular Psychiatry.  2002;7 Suppl 2:S51-2.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12142951

DeStefano, F., Chen, RT.  Autism and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine: No epidemiological evidence for a causal association.  The Journal of Pediatrics.  2000 Jan;136(1):125.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10681219    

DeStefano, F., Bhasin, T. K., Thompson, W. W., Yeargin-Allsopp, M., & Boyle, C. (2004).  Age at first measles-mumps-rubella vaccination in children with autism and school-matched control subjects: a population-based study in metropolitan AtlantaPediatrics, 113(2), 259-266. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14754936

DeStefano F., Price CS., Weintraub, ES.  Increasing exposure to antibody-stimulating proteins and polysaccharides in vaccines is not associated with risk of autism.   Journal of Pediatrics.  2013 Aug;163(2):561-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.02.001. Epub 2013 Mar 30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23545349

DeStefano F., Thompson, WW.  MMR vaccine and autism: an update of the scientific evidence. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2004 Feb;3(1):19-22.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14761240

DeStefano F., Thompson, WW.  MMR vaccination and autism: is there a link?  Expert Opinion on Drug Safety.  2002 Jul;1(2):115-20.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12904145

DeStefano, F.  Chen, RT.  Negative association between MMR and autism.  Lancet. 1999 Jun 12;353(9169):1987-8.  http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(99)00160-9/fulltext

DeStefano, F., Chen, RT.  Autism and measles-mumps-rubella vaccination:  controversy laid to rest?  CNS Drugs.  2001. 2001;15(11):831-7.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11700148

D’Souza J., Todd T.  Measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and the development of autism or inflammatory bowel disease: the controversy should end.  Journal of Pedatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics.   2003 Jul;8(3):187-99. doi: 10.5863/1551-6776-8.3.187. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3469143/

D’Souza, Y., Fombonne, E., Ward, BJ.  No evidence of persisting measles virus in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from children with autism spectrum disorder.  Pediatrics.  2006 Oct;118(4):1664-75.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17015560

Doja, A., & Roberts, W. (2006).  Immunizations and autism: A review of the literature.  The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 33(4), 341-346. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17168158

Elliman, D., Bedford, H.   MMR: where are we now?  Archives of Disease in Childhood.   2007 Dec;92(12):1055-7. Epub 2007 Jul 11.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2066086/ 

Farrington, C., Miller, E., & Taylor, B. (2001).  MMR and autism: further evidence against a causal association.  Vaccine, 19(27), 3632-3635. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11395196

Fitzpatrick, M.  The end of the road for the campaign against MMR.  British Journal of General Practice.  2007 Aug;57(541):679.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17688775

Fombonne, E., & Chakrabarti, S. (2001).  No evidence for a new variant of measles-mumps-rubella–induced autism.  Pediatrics, 108(4), e58-e58. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11581466

Fombonne, E., Zakarian, R., Bennett, A., Meng, L., & McLean-Heywood, D. (2006).  Pervasive developmental disorders in Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Prevalence and links with immunizations.  Pediatrics 118(1) e139-e150; doi:10.1542/peds.2005-2993. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/118/1/e139

García-Fernández, L., Hernández, AV., Suárez Moreno, V., Fiestas, F.  Addressing the controversy regarding the association between thimerosal-containing vaccines and autism.  Revista Peruana de Medicine Experimental Salud Publica. 2013 Apr;30(2):268-74. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23949514

Gentile, I., Bravaccio, C., Bonavolta, R., Zappulo, E., Scarica, S., Riccio, MP., Settimi, A., Portella, G., Pascotta, A., Borgia, G.  Response to measles-mumps-rubella vaccine in children with autism spectrum disordersIn Vivo 2013 May-Jun;27(3):377-82. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23606694

Glasper, EA.  New evidence reaffirms the safety of the MMR vaccine.  British Journal of Nursing. 2002 Jun 27-Jul 10;11(12):794.  http://www.internurse.com/cgi-bin/go.pl/library/article.cgi?uid=10298;article=BJN_11_12_794_0

Halsey, NA., Hyman, SL.  Measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and autistic spectrum disorder: report from the New Challenges in Childhood Immunizations Conference convened in Oak Brook, Illinois.   June 12-13, 2000.   Pediatrics.  2001 May;107(5):E84.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11331734

Hayney MS.  Vaccine Safety:  no link between thimerosal and autismJournal of American Pharmacists Association.  2003. 2004 Nov-Dec;44(6):725-6. http://japha.org/article.aspx?articleid=1039011   

Hertz-Picciotto, I., Green, P., Delwiche, L., Hansen, R., Walker, C., & Pessah, I. (2010).  Blood mercury concentrations in CHARGE Study children with and without autism. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118(1), 161-166. doi:10.1289/ehp.0900736 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20056569

Hensley, E. Briars, L.  Closer look at autism and the measles-mumps-rubella vaccineJournal of American Pharmacist’s Association.  2003.  2010 Nov-Dec;50(6):736-41. doi: 10.1331/JAPhA.2010.10004.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21071320 

Heron, J., Golding, J., ALSPAC Study Team.  Thimerosal exposure in infants and developmental disorders: a prospective cohort study in the United Kingdom does not support a causal association.  Pediatrics.  2004 Sep;114(3):577-83. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15342824

Hessel, L.  Mercury in vaccines.  Bulletin of the National Academy of Medicine. 2003;187(8):1501-10.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15146581

Hiroshi, T., Suzumura, S., Shirakizawa, F., Wada, N., Tanaka-Taya, K., Arai, S., Okabe, N., Ichikawa, H., Sato, T.  An epidemiological study on Japanese Autism concerning Routine Childhood Immunization History.  Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases.  56, 114-117, 2003. http://www0.nih.go.jp/JJID/56/114.pdf

Honda, H., Shimizu, Y., & Rutter, M. (2005).  No effect of MMR withdrawal on the incidence of autism: a total population study.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.  46(6), doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01425.x.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15877763

Hornig, M., Briese, T., Bule, T., Bauman, M.L., Lauwers, G., Siemetzki, U., Hummel, K., Rota, PA., Bellini, WJ., O’Leary, JJ., Sheils, O., Alden, E., Pickering, L., Lipkin, W.I.  Lack of association between measles virus vaccine and autism with enteropathy: a case-control study.  2008.  PLoS One, 3(9), e3140. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003140. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18769550  

Hurley, A., Tadrous, M., Miller, ES.  Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autism: a review of recent epidemiological studies.  Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics.  2010 Jul-Sep; 15(3): 173-181.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3018252/

Hviid A., Stellfeld, M., Wohlfahrt, J., Melbye, M.   Association between thimerosal-containing vaccine and autism - No causal relationship found.  JAMA. 2003 Oct 1;290(13):1763-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14519711

Insitute  of Medicine (US) Immunization Safety Review Committee.  Immunization Safety Review:  Vaccines and Autisms.  Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2004. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20669467

Iqbal, S., Barile, JP., Thompson, WW., DeStefano, F.  Number of antigens in early childhood vaccines and neuropsychological outcomes at age 7–10years.  Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety.  2013 Dec;22(12):1263-70. doi: 10.1002/pds.3482.  Epub 2013 Jul 12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23847024

Jefferson, T., Price, D., Demicheli, V., Bianco, E., European Research Program for Improved Safety Surveillance (EUSAFEVAC) Project.  Unintended events following immunization with MMR: a systematic review.  Vaccine.  2003 Sep 8;21(25-26):3954-60. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12922131

Jick, H., Kaye, JA.  Epidemiology and possible causes of autism.  Pharmacotherapy. 2003 Dec;23(12):1524-30.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14695031

Kaye, J. A., del Mar Melero-Montes, M., & Jick, H.  Mumps, measles, and rubella vaccine and the incidence of autism recorded by general practitioners: a time trend analysis.  2001.  British Medical Journal, 322(7284), 460-463.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1071423/

Klein, K. C., & Diehl, E. B.  Relationship between MMR vaccine and autism.   2004.  Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 38(7-8), 1297-1300.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15173555

Kuwaik, GA., Roberts, W., Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Smith, IM., Szatmari, P., Modi, BM., Tanel, N., Brian, J.  Immunization uptake in younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder.  Autism.  2014 Feb;18(2):148-55. doi: 10.1177/1362361312459111. Epub 2012 Oct 8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23045216

Lazoff, T., Zhong, L., Piperni, T., Fombonne, E.  Prevalence of pervasive developmental disorders among children at the English Montreal School Board.  Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.  2010 Nov;55(11):715-20.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21070699

Lingam, R., Simmons, A., Andrews, N., Miller, E., Stowe, J., & Taylor, B. (2003).  Prevalence of autism and parentally reported triggers in a North-east London population.  Archives of Disease in Childhood, 88(8), 666-670.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12876158

Madsen, K.K., Hviid, A., Vestergaard, M., Schendel, D., Wohlfahrt, J., Thorsen, P., Olsen, J., Melbye, M.  A population-based study of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and autism.  2002.  The New England Journal of Medicine, 347(19), 1477-82.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12421889

Madsen KM., Hviid, A., Vestergaard, M., Schendel, D., Wohlfahrt, J., Thorsen, P., Olsen, J. Melbye, M.  MMR vaccination and autism--a population-based follow-up study.  Ugeskr Laeger.  2002.  Dec 2;164(49):5741-4.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12523209

Madsen, K.M., Lauritsen, M.B., Pedersen, C.B., Thorsen, P., Plesner, A.M., Andersen, P.H. & Mortensen, P.B.  Thimerosal and the occurrence of autism:  negative ecological evidence from Danish population-based data.  2003.  Pediatrics, 112, 604-606. doi: 10.1542/peds.112.3.204 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12949291

Madsen, KM.  Vestergaard, M.   MMR and Autism:  what is the evidence for a causal association?  Drug Safety.  2004;27(12):831-40. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15366972

Makela, A., Nuorti, J., & Peltola, H. (2002).  Neurologic disorders after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination.  Pediatrics, 110(5), 957-963.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12415036

Marin, M., Broder, KR., Temte, JL., Snider, DE., Seward, JF., (CDC).  Use of combination measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella vaccine: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP).  MMWR Recommendations and Reports.  2010 May 7;59(RR-3):1-12.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20448530

Marwick, C.  US Report finds no link between MMR and autism.  British Medical Journal.   May 5, 2001; 322(7294): 1083.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1120232/

MacDonald, NE., Pickering, L. Canadian Paediatric Society, Infectious Diseases and Immunization Committee.  Autism Spectrum Disorder:  No causal relationship with vaccines.  Paediatric Child Health 2007;12(5):393-5.  http://www.cps.ca/documents/position/autistic-spectrum-disorder-no-causal-relationship-with-vaccines

Meadows, M.  IOM Report:  no link between vaccines and autism.  FDA Consumer. 2004 Sep-Oct;38(5):18-9.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15595144

Meilleur, AA., Fombonne, E.  Regression of language and non-language skills in pervasive development disorders.  Journal of Intellectual Disability Research.  2009 Feb;53(2):115-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01134.x. Epub 2008 Nov 27. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19054269

Miller, E.  Measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and the development of autism - epidemiologic evidence against such an association is compelling.  Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases.  2003 Jul;14(3):199-206.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12913832

Miller, E., Andrews, N., Grant, A., Stowe, J., Taylor, B.  No evidence of an association between MMR vaccine and gait disturbance.  Archives of Disease in Childhood.  2005.  Mar;90(3):292-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15723921

Miller, L., Reynolds J.  Autism and vaccination – the current evidenceJournals for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing.  2009 Jul;14(3):166-72. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6155.2009.00194.x. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19614825

Mrozek-Budzyn, D., Kiełtyka, A.  The relationship between MMR vaccination and the number of new cases of autism in children.  Przeglad epidemiologiczny.  2008;62(3):597-604. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19108524

Mrozek-Budzyn, D., Kiełtyka, A.,  Majewska, R.  Lack of association between measles-mumps-rubella vaccination and autism in children:  a case-control study.  Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.  2010 May;29(5):397-400. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181c40a8a. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19952979

Mrozek-Budzyn, D., Majewska, R. Kiełtyka, A. & Augustyniak, M.  Lack of association between thimerosal-containing vaccines and autism.  Przeglad epidemiologiczny.  2011, 65(3), 491-495. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22184954

Muhle, R., Trentacoste, SV., Rapin, I.  The genetics of autismPediatrics. 2004 May;113(5):e472-86.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15121991

Nelson, KB., Bauman, ML.  Thimerosal and autism?  Pediatrics.  2003.  Mar;111(3):674-9.http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/111/3/674.long

Offit, PA., Coffin, SE.  Communicating science to the public:  MMR vaccine and autism.  Vaccine.  2003.  Dec 8;22(1):1-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14604564

Stratton, K., Ford, A., Rusch, E., Wright Clayton, E.  Committee to Review Adverse Effects of Vaccines; Institute of Medicine.  Adverse Effects of Vaccines: Evidence and Causality.  Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2012. (a review of more than ONE THOUSAND studies).  http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13164

Patja, A., Davidkin, I., Kurki, T.,  Marku, J., Kallio, T., Valle, M., Peltola, H.  Serious adverse events after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination during a fourteen-year prospective follow-up.  2000.  Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal.  2000;19:1127-34.  http://www.nccn.net/~wwithin/MMR.pdf

Parker, S.K., Schwartz, B., Todd, J., Pickering, L.K.  Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: A critical review of published original data.  2004.  Pediatrics, 114, 793-804. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15342856

Parker, S. Todd, J., Schwartz., B., Pickering, L.K.  Thimerosal-containing vaccines and autistic spectrum disorder: A critical review of published original data.  2005.  Pediatrics. Jan;115(1):200.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15630018

Pichichero, ME., Cernichiari, E., Lopreiato, J., Treanor, J.  Mercury concentrations and metabolism in infants receiving vaccines containing thiomersal: a descriptive study.  Lancet. 2002 Nov 30;360(9347):1737-41.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12480426

Peltola, H., Patja, A., Leinikki, P., Valle, M., Davidkin, I., & Paunio, M.  No evidence for measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine-associated inflammatory bowel disease or autism in a 14-year prospective study.  1998.  Lancet, 351(9112), 1327. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9643797

Plotkin, S., Gerber, J. S., & Offit, P. A. (2009).  Vaccines and autism: a tale of shifting hypotheses.  Clinical Infectious Diseases, 48(4), 456-461. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2908388/

Price, C. S., Thompson, W. W., Goodson, B., Weintraub, E. S., Croen, L. A., Hinrichsen, V. L., DeStefano, F.  Prenatal and infant exposure to thimerosal from vaccines and immunoglobulins and risk of autism.  2010.  Pediatrics, 126(4), 656-664. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20837594

Roehr B.  Study finds no association between vaccines and autism.  2013.  British Medical Journal.  Apr 3;346:f2095. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f2095. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23554072

Richler, J., Luyster, R., Risi, S., Hsu, W. L., Dawson, G., Bernier, R., ... & Lord, C. (2006). Is there a ‘regressive phenotype’ of Autism Spectrum Disorder associated with the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine?  A CPEA Study.  Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(3), 299-316. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16729252

Rumke, HC., Visser, HK.  Childhood vaccinations anno 2004. II. The real and presumed side effects of vaccination.  Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde.  2004 Feb 21;148(8):364-71. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15032089  

Schechter, R., Grether, JK.  Continuing increases in autism reported to California's developmental services system: mercury in retrograde.  Archives of General Psychiatry.  2008 Jan;65(1):19-24. doi: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2007.1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18180424

Schultz, ST.  Does thimerosal or other mercury exposure increase the risk for autism?  A review of the current literature.  Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis. 2010;70(2):187-95. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20628442

Shevell, M.,Fombonne, E. Autism and MMR vaccination or thimerosal exposure: an urban legend?  Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences.  2006 Nov;33(4):339-40. http://cjns.metapress.com/content/xqxx6ha3ufaeuunv/?genre=article&issn=0317-1671&volume=33&issue=4&spage=339

Smeeth, L., Cook, C., Fombonne, E., Heavey, L., Rodrigues, L. C., Smith, P. G., & Hall, A. J. (2004). MMR vaccination and pervasive developmental disorders: a case-control study.  The Lancet, 364(9438), 963-969. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15364187

Smith, M. J., & Woods, C. R.  On-time vaccine receipt in the first year does not adversely affect neuropsychological outcomes.  Pediatrics.  2010. 125(6), 1134-1141. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20498176

Solt, I., Bornstein, J.  Childhood vaccines and autism – much ado about nothing?  Harefuah. 2010 Apr;149(4):251-5, 260.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20812501

Singh, VK. Rivas, WH.  Detection of antinuclear and antilaminin antibodies in autistic children who received thimerosal-containing vaccines  - mercury as in thimerosal-containing vaccines is likely not related to autoimmune phenomenon in autism.   Journal of Biomedical Science.  2004 Sep-Oct;11(5):607-10.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15316135   

Steffenburg, S., Steffenburg, U., Gillberg, C.  Autism spectrum disorders in children with active epilepsy and learning disability:  comorbidity, pre and perinatal backgound, and seizure characteristics.   Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology.  2003 Nov;45(11):724-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14580127   

Stehr-Green, P., Tull, P., Stellfeld, M., Mortenson, PB., Simpson, D.  Autism and thimerosal-containing vaccines: lack of consistent evidence for an association.   American Journal of Preventive Medicine.  2003 Aug;25(2):101-6.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12880876

Taylor, B.  Vaccines and the changing epidemiology of autism.  Child: Care, Health and Development Journal.  2006 Sep;32(5):511-9.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16919130

Taylor, B., Miller, E., Farrington, C., Petropoulos, M., Favot-Mayaud, I., Li, J., & Waight, P. A. (1999).  Autism and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine: no epidemiological evidence for a causal association.  Lancet, 353(9169), 2026-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10376617

Taylor, B., Miller, E., Lingam, R., Andrews, N., Simmons, A., & Stowe, J.  Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and bowel problems or developmental regression in children with autism: population study.  2002.  British Medical Journal, 324(7334), 393-396. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11850369

Taylor, B., Lingam, R., Simmons, A., Stowe, J., Miller, E., Andrews, N.  Autism and MMR vaccination in North London: no causal relationship.   2002.  Molecular Psychiatry.                   7 Suppl2:S7-8.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12142932

Thjodleifsson, B., Davidsdóttir, K., Agnarsson, U., Sigthórsson, G., Kjeld, M., Bjarnason, I.  Effect of Pentavac and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination on the intestine.  Gut.  2002 Dec;51(6):816-7.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12427783

Thompson, WW., Price, C., Goodson, B., Shay, DK., Benson, P., Hinrichsen, BL., Lewis, E., Eriksen, E., Ray, P., Marcy, SM., Dunn, J., Jackson, LA., Lieu, TA., Black, S., Stewart, G., Weintraub, ES., Davis, RL., DeStefano, F.,  Vaccine Data Link Safety Team.  Early thimerosal exposure and neuropsychological outcomes at 7 to 10 years.  New England Journal of Medicine.  2007 Sep 27;357(13):1281-92.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17898097

Uchiyama, T., Kurosawa, M., & Inaba, Y.  MMR-vaccine and regression in autism spectrum              disorders: negative results presented from Japan.  2007.  Journal of Autism and Developmental       Disorders, 37(2), 210-217.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16865547

Uno, Y., Uchiyama, T., Kurosawa, M., Aleksic, B., & Ozaki, N.  The combined measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines and the total number of vaccines are not associated with development of autism spectrum disorder:  first case–control study in Asia.  2012.  Vaccine, 30(28), 4292-4298. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22521285

Verstraeten T., Davis, RL., DeStefano, F., Lieu, TA., Rhodes, PH., Black, SB., Shinefield, H., Chen RT. Safety of thimerosal-containing vaccines: a two-phased study of computerized health maintenance organization databases.   Pediatrics.   2003 Nov;112(5):1039-48. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14595043

Whitehouse, AJ., Maybery, M., Wray, JA., Hickey, M.  No association between early gastrointestinal problems and autistic-like traits in the general population.  Developmental Medicine and Childhood Neurology.  2011.  May;53(5):457-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2011.03915.x. Epub 2011 Mar 21.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21418197

Weisser, K., Bauer, K., Volkers, P., Keller-Stanislawski, B.  Thimerosal and immunizations - evidence does not support the hypothesis of a potential relationship between neurodevelopmental disorders and thiomersal-containing vaccines.  2004. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz.  Dec;47(12):1165-74. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15583887

MMR vaccine is not linked to Crohn’s disease or autismCommun Dis Rep CDR Weekly. 1998 Mar 27;8(13):113.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9592960

45 comments:

  1. That studies are totally financed by pharmaceutical industries ? And you beleave more to this informations ? you know what is the autism - patology ? Don't vaccinate your childrens and remeamber everyday who is Poul Thorsen, today most wanted for criminal pharmaceutical information ! Liberi Dai Vaccini....

    ReplyDelete
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    1. That is not how it works, Anon - if you think those studies are financed by industry, do the work and tell us which and by whom.
      Autism is not pathology, it is neurodiversity.
      We have 75 studies on this page - Thorsen (not wanted for information, but for misappropriation of money) is a co-author on 3.
      Vaccination does not cause autism.

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    2. Thorsen, is not wanted for information? if he didn't pay the labs for their work with the money, how did he get the results, I got it he fabricated them.

      Delete
    3. Dear Anonymous, please tell us which of the other seventy two are paid by "Big Pharma." Give us the paper title, and then a direct quote showing us how it was funded. Then explain why the funding is suspicious with references.

      You blatant accusations are useless without evidence.

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    4. Anon - Thorsen didn't lead any of these studies and therefore he was not responsible to pay anyone. Here we have 75 studies (the list is longer now, but I have not had the time to update it yet) that show no connection between autism and vaccines.

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    5. Dear Chris: please disclose the funding for each of the listed studies and demonstrate that the researchers do not directly or indirectly have a conflict of interest. Please then demonstrate which studies have been replicated and independently verified that the original findings were reproducible. That is REAL science...not Pharma checkbook science.

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    6. I am sorry, but if your are questioning the results and funding it is up to you to show they are questionable.

      For instance the first study is the author is from: "Operative Unit Child Neuropsychiatry A.O. San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy."

      The second is from "Division of Virology, National Institute for Biological Standards and Control, South Mimms, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom" Obviously neither are Big Pharma.

      If you have a question about the funding, then you must find out what pharmaceutical company paid for it.

      Note, my question was the list in Vaccine Safety: Examine the Evidence. If you had bothered to look you would find that the major funding agencies were entities like the CDC and things like "America’s Health Insurance Plans (AHIP) under contract 200-2002-00732 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)."

      If you have an issue with the above papers, you need to provide the direct quotes of the who is funding it and why that is a problem.

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    7. By the way, Ms. Brenton, you never really answered the question I asked you eighteen months ago.

      I personally would be very cautious about getting financial/credit advice from someone who cannot figure out who paid for a study, does not know how to read a tabulation of financial data, and does not seem to understand the simple notion that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

      Do you really want that kind of information to stand out when you are Googled? Especially when on the same linked page where you refused to even prove you can read a table you explained "People that get vaccinated are stupid."

      [sarcasm]Absolutely brilliant![/sarcasm]

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    8. I'm curious as to why Ms. Brenton needs others to do her work for her. Isn't she one of the "well-researched" anti-vaxxers? It's easy to make vapid statements Ms. Brenton, quite another to qualify those statements with actual evidence.

      Delete
  2. What about the over 160 non-pharma studies that show a link to autism, you choose to ignore those, doesn't surprise me, this is a shill site.

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    1. you bore me Anon. Do you have anything to say?

      Delete
    2. Anon, be a dear then and provide citations to these "160 non-pharma studies". And while you're at it, some evidence of all of the studies Catherina listed are "pharma-funded".

      Delete
    3. I'd love to see the sources on those 160 "non-pharma" studies. Better yet, what journals are they published in? Were they actually peer-reviewed? Are they available in pubmed? Does a single one of them include a statement that supports a direct link between vaccines and autism? Doubtful.

      The truth is, the one published 'study' in any type of legitimate journal that did purport to link vaccines and autism was that of Andy Wakefield, and of course we all know in the end not only was his 'study' retracted, but he was stripped of his medical license due to his blatant fraud, ethics violations, manipulation of data and misrepresentation of his results. Of course, even in that sad excuse for a 'study', Wakefield stopped short of blaming vaccines for autism.

      So you have that I suppose.

      Come on Anon - surely you can do better can't you?

      Delete
    4. http://www.scribd.com/doc/212711282/84-Studies-Showing-Autism-Link-to-Vaccines

      Delete
    5. That document is a mess Questioning Dad. Did you post a link for a specific reason or just shilling? All of those "studies" are either junk and have been refuted, pathetic and performed by those outside their areas of expertise, don't say what you think they say and not relevant. Pick one, any one or three and I'll be happy to explain.

      Delete
  3. One request:

    Could edit the links to the studies to go directly to the PubMed citation. Right now they go to Facebook, and it is quite annoying. Thank you.

    Also, I would like Anonymous to post the best non-pharma study he/she has linking vaccines to autism. Just please make use it is by a reputable qualified researcher, published in a good journal.

    "Reputable" means not having one's legal right to practice medicine revoked.

    "Qualified" means have an appropriate background. So no lawyers, computer scientists, geologists, business professors, etc.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. So that will be a while. No problems.

      Delete
    2. Done - updated to 107 studies and links fixed - let me know should you find anything that is not working

      Delete
    3. Awesome! This is fantastic, and the links work.

      Thanks a million.

      Delete
  4. I googled the study you listed "Roehr B. Study finds no association between vaccines and autism. ", I can't find any summary, any citation, any comments on it?

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    Replies
    1. Why didn't you click on the link under the citation?

      It gives the BMJ citation. Then take that to your local library to find the paper, since not every medical citation is at the University of Google.

      Delete
    2. By the way, it is a BMJ news article about this paper: Increasing Exposure to Antibody-Stimulating Proteins and Polysaccharides in Vaccines Is Not Associated with Risk of Autism. It answers the claim about "too many, too soon."

      At the bottom of that page it says: Funded by a contract from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP), and by subcontracts from AHIP to Abt Associates, Inc. The findings and conclusions in this study are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

      Do tell us how it is paid for by "Big Pharma", especially in regards to the health insurance companies. In our experience they try to not spend money on pharmaceuticals.

      Delete
    3. I see. Thanks. But I was hoping for something more convincing. When comparing the hypothetical vaccination-autism link with the smoking-lung cancer relation, this study would just show that people smoking two packs of cigarettes are having same chance of getting lung cancer as those who smoke just one pack of cigarettes. What about comparing smokers to people who don’t smoke at all; Maybe some of the studies you listed do such comparison in some way?

      Delete
    4. That makes absolutely no sense. If you don't like that study, then go design one that satisfies your criteria. Then get it approved by an independent review board so that it complies to the Belmont Report. Write a grant to get funding, and then submit to an organization like Autism Speaks, SafeMinds, Generation Rescue. And finally, go do it.

      Delete
    5. I looks like Anon is asking for one of those magical "vax vs. unvax" studies. Of course there are ethical concerns with performing such a widescale study - but the other issue is that even if someone ignored ethics and withheld all vaccinations from 20,000 or so children from birth to age 12 or so, would the anti-vaxxers even accept the results as evidence or would they just move on to other excuses to invalidate the data?

      Truth is we do have a few of these types of studies, and we have evidence from when Japan and the UK pulled back from some of the vaccines due to a knee-jerk reaction (from a certain unethical 'doctor' who has since lost his license no doubt). The probelm is, there is so many cofounders to account for in a true "vax. vs. unvax" that it is doubtful any real evidence would come from it.

      If Anon is honestly interested, I'd recommend starting here: http://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/the-perils-and-pitfalls-of-doing-a-vaccinated-versus-unvaccinated-study/

      Delete
    6. How about we simply take those of us with a brain who think independently and refuse jt vaccinate our kids. No ethical consideration regarding "withholding of vaccines" because these children are already completely vaccine free.

      Delete
    7. "How about we simply take those of us with a brain who think independently and refuse jt vaccinate our kids."

      Then it is not double blind random. The point is that you are not supposed to know if your kid got a real vaccine or a placebo.

      What you proposed has already been done with lots of retrospective epidemiological studies, many that are listed above. And every single one has shown no real correlation between vaccines and autism. Check out this recent graphic that explains those studies. I am afraid it disproves your statement that you are one "with a brain who think independently."

      Delete
  5. I am going to be "ANON" to protect my children, I can say from PERSONAL experience that VACCINES can cause AUTISM, I watched it happen to my son. Also, some of the vaccine INSERTS actually have AUTISM listed as "A POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECT" along with DEATH and many other "wonderful" things! You obviously don't ACTUALLY know what you are speaking about, but keep spewing your lies, some idiot will BELIEVE you until, it HAPPENS to their child!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Actually, dear brave Anon, my son was injured by an actual disease before there was a vaccine for it. He is permanently disabled.

      We would take you more seriously if you just provide the PubMed indexed studies from reputable qualified researchers that show a vaccine on the American pediatric schedule causes more injury than the diseases.

      Delete
    2. take your pick, media reports, citations, articles, testimonies, should take 6 months to read, so get on ithttp://whale.to/vaccines/diseases.html

      as to kids being disabled, they have had the Vitamin C cure for infections for 70 years http://whale.to/a/vitamin_c_banners.html

      Psychopaths.

      Delete
    3. you are anon, so less of the sarcasm

      Delete
  6. I don't believe that there is a link between vaccines and autism. These vaccines have been tested multiple times and they wouldn't release a vaccine with such a horrible side effect. I'm glad they're posting articles about there not being any links between autism and vaccines. Hopefully, now more parents will vaccinate their kids because of these findings.
    Kat Brennan | http://www.uhcidaho.com/ServicesandPricing/Immunizations.aspx

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yeah, well it's been well know and proven for years, and they keep it suppressed as it would destroy the trillion $ drug industry http://whale.to/vaccine/vaccine_autism_proven.html

      as to vaccines being well tested, they never use proper placebos http://whale.to/vaccine/placebos_h.html

      Never tested unvaxed against vaxed http://whale.to/vaccines/never_unvaccinated_controls.html

      and a load of other ploys http://whale.to/a/medical_study_ploys.html

      and it's a racket, been that way for 200 years http://whale.to/a/vaccinesdidntsaveus555.jpg

      Delete
    2. Again, wow......what a load of crap.

      Delete
  7. Gov studies shown to be fraudulent or designed to deceive http://whale.to/vaccine/mmr54.html
    600 studies showing vax autism link, and vaccines unsafe http://whale.to/vaccine/mmr58.html

    1,200 studies showing Vitamin C cures infections http://whale.to/v/c/index.html

    Overwhelming proof, statistical (and disease theory, and vaccine damage like autism) that vaccines are a racket for 200 years http://whale.to/vaccines.html

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Scopie's Law: "In any discussion involving science or medicine, citing Whale.to as a credible source loses you the argument immediately... and gets you laughed out of the room."

      Delete
    2. Do try harder, logical fallacy, all you vax quacks have http://whale.to/b/appeal_to_incredulity.html

      Delete
  8. wow, fraud study list, thanks
    get the truth http://whale.to/vaccine/vaccine_autism_proven.html

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hmmm....so how do those telepathic dolphins, reptilian overlords, hollow earth theories, and FEMA camps work out for you as well?

    ReplyDelete
  10. Vaccines are very important. But vaccines have major safety problems. Vaccine vs. no vaccines is the wrong debate. The debate must be about current vaccines and safer new vaccines.

    For example, a lot of vaccines contain Polysorbate 80. Polysorbate 80 contains oleic acid from plant sources (could be any nut oil, peanut oil etc.). So oleic acid contaminated by food proteins being injected into people will result in people developing food allergies. Oleic acid itself is an adjuvant, other adjuvants like alum are also used. When a child receives several vaccines simultaneously, you have several food protein contaminants and several adjuvants presented to the immune system which results in a high probability of developing food allergies.

    Oleic acid is intravenously administered to cause lung injury in animals for research. So Polysorbate 80 could be the reason for the food allergy and asthma epidemic.

    No research has been done to establish safe levels of food proteins in a vaccine.

    Please see below for more reference to scientific literature:
    http://foodallergycauses.wordpress.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Polysorbate 80 is an emulsifier and DOES NOT contain any peanut oil. It is used in (the dreaded) ice cream, in cosmetics and in injections.

      Peanut oil is not present and was never present, in any vaccine licensed vaccine for use in humans in the United States.

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  11. I wonder what we would find if we "followed the money"? Perhaps criminal intent paid for by big Pharma? How about the tens of thousands who have been vaccine injured and their families who have to handle the aftermath?
    How about THEIR VOICES?

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    Replies
    1. Well Mike, first I would say - where are those "tens of thousands" because the numbers don't add up.....just looking at the claims filed in the Vaccine Court, we are talking about a number of people compared to the total number of vaccines given that is a percent of a percent of a fraction of a percent over the past 30-odd years.....somehow, when large-scale population studies are done, all of those people you talk about just suddenly disappear.

      Delete
    2. Mr. Lashewitz, please go through each study listed in Vaccine Safety: Examine the Evidence, and tell us exactly which pharmaceutical company paid for them. Please include for each study direct quotes that reveal the funding is inappropriate and nefarious.

      Thank you, we anxiously await your detailed analysis of that data.

      Delete